ENVCAR Fact Sheet
Best Management Practices
Related ENVCAR Fact Sheets
Other Relevant Resources
U.S. Department of Transportation issues specifications for the
three main kinds of brake fluid in use by the automotive and trucking
industry: DOT-3, DOT-4 and DOT-5. DOT-3 and DOT-4 are glycol-based
fluids and DOT-5 is silicon-based. Depending on the additives used,
fluid may or may not be hazardous. Even if brake fluid started out
as non-hazardous, it can become hazardous if it is contaminated
with brake cleaner or other solvents.
fluid is not crude oil-based and therefore it cannot be added to
and managed with used oil.
management and disposal/recycle of used brake fluid, you have two
a sample of the used brake fluid analyzed by a laboratory to find
out if it is hazardous. If it is non-hazardous, it can be shipped
off-site for disposal by a licensed hauler. If it is hazardous,
then special hazardous waste rules apply.
that the brake fluid is hazardous and manage and dispose/recycle
it as such. This approach avoids laboratory testing costs.
to the Regulations. Use the following links to view the regulations
pertaining to hazardous waste determinations and management.
261 - Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
262 - Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste
an inspector comes to your facility, there are certain things they
check to see if you are in compliance with environmental regulations.
It makes good sense for you to perform a "self-audit"
and catch and correct problems before they result in penalties.
Also, there are some compliance incentives associated with self-audits
the following list to audit your used oil storage areas and management
brake fluid is potentially a hazardous waste. Verify that
brake fluid was properly managed and disposed/recycled as hazardous
waste or that a hazardous waste determination was made that indicates
it is a non-hazardous waste.
Management Practices (BMPs)
regulations tell you what you have to do to be in compliance, but
they donít explain how to do it. Thatís where "best management
practices" come into play. BMPs are proven methods that
help you to get into compliance and stay there. The following BMPs
are recommended for used oil storage areas and management procedures.
brake fluid is not crude oil-based, and therefore it should not
be added to used oil.
brake fluid in a dedicated DOT-approved, clearly and properly
labeled drum specifically for brake fluids.
a waste management company that will recycle it.
put brake fluid into your used oil container.
pour brake fluid down any drain or on the ground.
spray brake cleaner around brake fluid.
Hazardous Waste Compliance Assistance Program: 800-741-4337.
ENVCAR Fact Sheets:
Brake Fluid, A Recyclable Product